Conveniently located in Woburn, MA and Wilmington, MA

4 Types of Ovarian Cysts and How They are Treated

4 Types of Ovarian Cysts and How They are Treated

During your reproductive years, it's not uncommon to have an ovarian cyst form on your ovaries. There are various types of ovarian cysts, most of which are harmless.

You must know your type if you've been diagnosed with an ovarian cyst. Many are benign, but others are due to a disease process or problem in your body.

New England Women's Healthcare is here to help when you need expert care for your reproductive health. Our team of eight specialized OB-GYN doctors knows cutting-edge tools to diagnose your cyst and get you treatment when necessary.

What are ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form on your ovaries. These cysts may also develop inside your ovaries and can contain other materials.

Your ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. They're a vital component in ovulation, as they're what forms and releases an egg every month a few weeks before your period starts.

Some ovarian cysts cause pain, while others are harmless and painless. You may not even know you have an ovarian cyst unless one of our providers finds it during a routine exam.

Four common types of cysts

There are several types of ovarian cysts, each of which causes similar symptoms. Most ovarian cysts are functional, meaning they form due to hormonal changes around your menstrual cycle.

Functional cysts aren't related to any disease process; they're formed during ovulation and often resolve without treatment. A few other types of cysts include:

1. Corpus luteum cysts

The corpus luteum is what's formed after your ovary releases an egg. The corpus luteum is a group of cells that release hormones during ovulation. When it fills up with fluid, it forms a cyst on your ovary.

2. Follicular cysts

A follicle in your ovary is responsible for releasing an egg during ovulation. When you don't release an egg during the month, that follicle may fill up with fluid causing a cyst to form on your ovary.

3. Endometriomas

Endometriomas are cysts that form out of endometrial tissue. Your endometrial tissue is the lining in your uterus that's shed during your menstrual cycle. These cysts are common when you have endometriosis.

4. Dermoid cysts

Dermoid cysts, also called teratomas, consist of various tissue types in your body. These cysts form on your ovary and comprise tissues like hair, teeth, and skin. They develop from the reproductive cells in your ovary.

How are ovarian cysts treated?

Our team uses different treatment approaches when you have an ovarian cyst. The type of cyst and severity of your symptoms affect the kind of treatment you receive. A few of the options our team offers for ovarian cysts include:

Monitoring

Many types of ovarian cysts go away on their own. If your cysts aren't bothering you or are only causing minimal symptoms, our team may want to monitor the cysts. You'll need to come for a follow-up ultrasound a few weeks to months after your diagnosis to evaluate the cyst and see if it has resolved itself.

Medications

Our team sometimes controls your symptoms with hormonal birth control. These type of medications stop ovulation every month, which helps prevent ovarian cysts from growing and forming.

Surgery

You may require surgery for an ovarian cyst that continues to grow. Our team also recommends surgery when your cyst causes pain or doesn't go away after several menstrual cycles.

We use minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques to remove your cyst. Minimally invasive techniques provide quicker recovery and less pain than open surgical procedures.

If you're having pain in your ovaries, call us or use our online feature to make an appointment with our team at one of our offices in Wilmington or Woburn, Massachusetts. 

You Might Also Enjoy...

What to Expect After Your 20-Week Scan

What to Expect After Your 20-Week Scan

Your 20-week ultrasound is exciting! It’s when you get to find out the sex of your unborn baby if you'd like – but what happens afterward? Discover more about the 20-week ultrasound and what to expect during the last half of pregnancy.
How Can I Prepare My Daughter for Her First Pap Smear?

How Can I Prepare My Daughter for Her First Pap Smear?

A girl's first Pap smear is a big deal and can be scary if she's not prepared, but you can help by telling her what to expect. Pick up some tips to prepare your daughter for her first pelvic exam and Pap test so you can ease her worries.
Can I Get Pregnant if I Have Endometriosis?

Can I Get Pregnant if I Have Endometriosis?

Endometriosis is a condition that affects many women – but what does it do to your chances of getting pregnant? Learn how endometriosis affects fertility and what you can do to boost your chances of motherhood.

My Periods are Extremely Heavy: Why?

Although your period is a nuisance, it shouldn't interfere with your life – but when your period is unrelenting and heavy, it's a problem. Discover what causes heavy bleeding and how to regain your life and reduce your menstrual flow.

Understanding the Different Types of IUDs

Are you looking for a birth control method that lasts for years and is worry-free? Look no further than an IUD. Take a moment to discover the different types of IUDs and how they work to prevent pregnancy effectively.