Conveniently located in Woburn, MA and Wilmington, MA

4 Types of Ovarian Cysts and How They are Treated

4 Types of Ovarian Cysts and How They are Treated

During your reproductive years, it's not uncommon to have an ovarian cyst form on your ovaries. There are various types of ovarian cysts, most of which are harmless.

You must know your type if you've been diagnosed with an ovarian cyst. Many are benign, but others are due to a disease process or problem in your body.

New England Women's Healthcare is here to help when you need expert care for your reproductive health. Our team of eight specialized OB-GYN doctors knows cutting-edge tools to diagnose your cyst and get you treatment when necessary.

What are ovarian cysts?

Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that form on your ovaries. These cysts may also develop inside your ovaries and can contain other materials.

Your ovaries are part of the female reproductive system. They're a vital component in ovulation, as they're what forms and releases an egg every month a few weeks before your period starts.

Some ovarian cysts cause pain, while others are harmless and painless. You may not even know you have an ovarian cyst unless one of our providers finds it during a routine exam.

Four common types of cysts

There are several types of ovarian cysts, each of which causes similar symptoms. Most ovarian cysts are functional, meaning they form due to hormonal changes around your menstrual cycle.

Functional cysts aren't related to any disease process; they're formed during ovulation and often resolve without treatment. A few other types of cysts include:

1. Corpus luteum cysts

The corpus luteum is what's formed after your ovary releases an egg. The corpus luteum is a group of cells that release hormones during ovulation. When it fills up with fluid, it forms a cyst on your ovary.

2. Follicular cysts

A follicle in your ovary is responsible for releasing an egg during ovulation. When you don't release an egg during the month, that follicle may fill up with fluid causing a cyst to form on your ovary.

3. Endometriomas

Endometriomas are cysts that form out of endometrial tissue. Your endometrial tissue is the lining in your uterus that's shed during your menstrual cycle. These cysts are common when you have endometriosis.

4. Dermoid cysts

Dermoid cysts, also called teratomas, consist of various tissue types in your body. These cysts form on your ovary and comprise tissues like hair, teeth, and skin. They develop from the reproductive cells in your ovary.

How are ovarian cysts treated?

Our team uses different treatment approaches when you have an ovarian cyst. The type of cyst and severity of your symptoms affect the kind of treatment you receive. A few of the options our team offers for ovarian cysts include:

Monitoring

Many types of ovarian cysts go away on their own. If your cysts aren't bothering you or are only causing minimal symptoms, our team may want to monitor the cysts. You'll need to come for a follow-up ultrasound a few weeks to months after your diagnosis to evaluate the cyst and see if it has resolved itself.

Medications

Our team sometimes controls your symptoms with hormonal birth control. These type of medications stop ovulation every month, which helps prevent ovarian cysts from growing and forming.

Surgery

You may require surgery for an ovarian cyst that continues to grow. Our team also recommends surgery when your cyst causes pain or doesn't go away after several menstrual cycles.

We use minimally invasive laparoscopic techniques to remove your cyst. Minimally invasive techniques provide quicker recovery and less pain than open surgical procedures.

If you're having pain in your ovaries, call us or use our online feature to make an appointment with our team at one of our offices in Wilmington or Woburn, Massachusetts. 

You Might Also Enjoy...

Understanding the Two Types of IUDs

If you’re looking for a worry-free option for birth control, an IUD may be just the ticket. However, there’s more than one option for this form of pregnancy prevention. Keep reading to learn more about the two types of IUD implants.

5 Benefits of Hormone Replacement Therapy

As you get older, your hormones naturally decline, leading to a variety of uncomfortable symptoms. In women, this is known as menopause. Take a moment to learn more about the many benefits of hormone replacement therapy.

My PMS Causes Me Severe Anxiety: Can You Help?

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) strikes many women before their period. If you suffer from it, you likely know these feelings: headaches, bloating, and anxiety. Take a moment to learn what to do when PMS causes you severe anxiety before your period.

Does an Abnormal Pap Smear Mean I Have Cancer?

When your Pap smear comes back abnormal, it’s distressing, and maybe scary, to think you could have cancer. But does an abnormal Pap smear always indicate cervical cancer? Take a moment to learn some other causes of an abnormal Pap test.

How Does an IUD Work?

An IUD is a type of birth control that is 99% effective at preventing pregnancy. But how does an IUD actually work? Take a moment to learn more about IUDs and how they’re so successful in preventing unwanted pregnancies.

Why You Can Gain Weight During PMS

You know the feeling when you’re getting your period — irritability, insatiable cravings, and of course, weight gain. But why do you seem to put on excess pounds before your period? Take a moment to learn why you gain weight during PMS.